5 Things You Should Know About Dental Crowns

Crowns refer to fixed prosthetic devices that are bonded onto the existing teeth or implants, by a prosthodontist or a dentist. It’s most common purpose is to cover or cap a damaged tooth or an implant. It can be required for the following purposes:

  • In case when there is not enough tooth remaining after a large filling.
  • To guard a weak tooth against fracturing.
  • To restore a fractured tooth.
  • To cap a dental implant.
  • To protect a tooth that has had a root canal treatment.
  • Gum disease and TMJ disorders can be caused when gaps are created by the missing teeth. They eventually cause the remaining teeth to shift that results in bad bites. This can be covered by crowns or bridges.

A dental crown may also be utilized in special cases like in the case of young children for their primary teeth to:

  • To restore a tooth that has been damaged to such an extent that it cannot hold a filling
  • To save the teeth of children who have trouble in maintaining daily oral hygiene and is therefore at peril.
  • To reduce the frequency of using the sedative dentistry techniques on children who because of their behaviour, age and medical history are unable to keep up with good dental care habits.

Types of dental crowns

Several types of metals can be used to make permanent crowns. These include all resin, stainless steel, gold or an alloy, porcelain infused to metal and all-ceramic.

  • Metals used in crowns include the alloys that have a major content of platinum or gold, or base-metal alloys, for example, chromium, cobalt. These crowns are durable and strong and can easily bear chewing and biting forces. Therefore, are long- lasting and do not quickly wear down.
  • Stainless steel- These crowns are mostly used on permanent teeth, for a limited time. The crown is made from another material while the temporary crown guards the filling. This allows the tooth to be protected from further decay by encasing it completely. The stainless steel crowns are most commonly used for children and their benefit is that fact they do not need multiple doctor visits and are comparatively cost- effective than the custom made crowns.
  • Porcelain infused metal- A significant benefit of this crown is that they can be easily matched to the colour of the natural teeth of the patient which is impossible in metal or resin teeth. However, these crowns chip and wear down easily
  • All-resin- The benefit of these crowns is that it is relatively less expensive than the other types of crowns but they chip easily and are susceptible to fractures.
  • Temporary versus permanent- While temporary dental crowns are made in a dental clinic. On the other hand, permanent dental crowns are custom made in dental laboratories.

Benefits of a crown

A crown not only helps in strengthening a damaged tooth, but also helps in aesthetic purposes by enhancing a tooth’s appearance, alignment, shape and dental occlusion (bite).

Procedure

A crown is usually capped on top of an implant to provide a tooth-like shape and structure. This is done to provide normal oral functioning. Ceramic or porcelain teeth can be matched to the colour of the adjacent natural teeth. Other materials entail metal alloys and gold which are stronger than porcelain and are recommended for back teeth. Porcelain fused metal is most commonly used because of two important reasons, it is both strong and attractive.

Where teeth are missing a bridge is mounted onto a space and is attached to a tooth or an implant. These teeth are called abutments, and they serve as anchors for the bridge. After this, a replacement tooth called a pontic is attached to the crown that hides the abutment. The material of choice for bridges is available like that in crowns
A dentist is the best guide to decide what is the best for the patient based on several factors like aesthetic considerations, cost, location of the missing tooth, its function.

Care

While it is true that crowns can last a lifetime, they sometimes do become loose or fall out. Therefore steps must be taken to ensure the longevity of your crown. Practising good oral hygiene can ensure the protection of a healthy smile. Brushing twice a day with good fluoride toothpaste as well as flossing helps in keeping the gum and teeth healthy. Seeing a dentist or hygienist regularly for checkups and professional cleanings also play a key role.

Healthy teeth are key to having a beautiful smile that we all covet. A dental crown is one of the ways to achieve this desirable result. If you are looking for a dentist to get dental crowns, contact Hiremath Family Dentistry.

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