The temporomandibular joint (TMJ) connects the jawbone to the skull. It acts like a sliding hinge to allow you to speak, eat, laugh, and yawn. When the TMJ becomes affected with a disorder, it can result in pain in the joint itself or in the muscles that control jaw movement. The exact cause of a TMJ disorder is difficult to determine, but stress has been closely linked to it. Genetics, arthritis, and jaw injury are some other possible causes for a TMJ disorder (TMD). TMJ disorders can be accompanied by teeth grinding or teeth clenching, which can have negative effects on the teeth. Your dentist at Hiremath Family Dentistry can help with these symptoms in Oro Valley.
In most cases, pain and discomfort accompanying a TMJ disorder is temporary. It may be relieved through self-managed care or other non-surgical treatments.
Non-surgical treatments for TMJ include medications such as pain relievers, anti-inflammatories, tricyclic antidepressants, and muscle relaxants. Another benefit of antidepressants is that they have been shown to be effective for pain relief. If a non-drug therapy is preferred, oral splints or mouth guards can be used. These devices are provided by your dentist at Hiremath Family Dentistry. They can be soft or firm and are usually worn at night inserted over the teeth. Physical therapy, including treatments like ultrasound and moist heat and ice, may also be recommended. Exercises to stretch and strengthen the jaw muscles may also help. If a TMD is caused or exacerbated by stress, counseling may help to relieve symptoms. In recent years, the botulinum toxin has been used for cosmetic purposes. It has also been shown to be effective for releasing tension in the TMJ and relieving pain in that area.
For Complete TMJ Treatment Visit Our Dental Clinic, Oro Valley
If these non-surgical treatments are not sufficient for treating your TMJ disorder in Oro Valley, surgery may be needed.
Hiremath Family Dentistry can evaluate your case of TMD and provide or recommend treatment.